First Grade


The emphasis at Rowe School is on laying the foundation for Yarmouth Core Values and Life Role Outcomes. As a member of the Rowe School community, your child is working towards being safe, kind, helpful, and polite and developing positive work habits.

Responsible Community Member

  • Shows respect for others (sensitive and tolerant of others, respecting rights & property of others, good manners, works and plays well with others)

  • Shows respect for school environment (materials, workspace, belongings)

  • Follows rules and routines of the school (classroom, playground, and hallways)

  • Exhibits self control

  • Takes responsibility for own actions

  • Contributes positively in a group

    Self-Directed Learner

  • Listens attentively to others

  • Follows directions

  • Works independently

  • Uses time constructively

  • Seeks help when necessary

  • Completes work

  • Shows best effort

  • Expresses ideas clearly when speaking


Foundational Skills

Print Concepts

  • Understands features of a sentence (first word, capitals, end punctuation)

Phonological Awareness

  • Demonstrates understanding of spoken words, syllables, & sounds (phonemes)

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Applies long and short vowel sounds when decoding words

  • Decodes regularly spelled one and two syllable words

  • Knows common consonant digraphs

  • Reads grade-appropriate high-frequency words by sight


  • Reads with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

  • Reads and comprehends at mid-year grade level

  • Reads and comprehends at end-of-year grade level


  • Uses pictures and story details to describe setting and events

  • Retells stories, including key details, and understands central message

  • Uses key details to describe characters, settings, and major events in a story

  • Uses key ideas and details to ask/answer questions

  • Identify words and phrases that suggest feelings or appeals to the senses

  • Explains differences between types of texts (e.g., fiction, nonfiction, poetry)

  • Compares/contrasts adventures of characters in stories

Informational Text

  • Asks/answers questions about key details

  • Identifies the main topic and retells key details

  • Ask and answer questions to understand unknown words

  • Knows and uses text features (e.g., table of contents, headings, pictures)

  • Compares/contrasts two texts on the same topic


Text Types and Purposes:

  • Narrative Writing

    • Structure: Writes sequenced stories with leads, transitions and endings

    • Development: Includes details such as characters’ feelings and actions

  • Informational Writing

    • Structure: Organizes writing to teach about a topic

    • Development: Includes facts about a topic

  • Opinion Writing

    • Structure: Organizes writing to share an opinion using a lead, transitions and an ending

    • Development: Includes details and at least one reason for the opinion

Writing Process:

  • Planning: Generates ideas and can sketch across pages to plan writing

  • Revising: Reviews pictures and writing to add details

  • Editing: Rereads writing to check for punctuation and appropriate use of capital letters

  • Spelling: Applies grade-level word study concepts and uses the word wall to help with spelling

  • Writing Habits: Draws and writes with grade-level stamina, volume and engagement

  • Handwriting: Writes legibly and efficiently


The following goals are at the core of our Grade 1 curriculum. Please note that these are important goals, but they are not the only concepts to which students will be exposed at this grade level. Students will have a rich curriculum, and their experiences in math will introduce them to many new concepts that will deepen over time.

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction

  • Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction

  • Add and subtract within 20

  • Work with addition and subtraction equations

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence

  • Understand place value

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units

  • Tell and write time

  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes